The Nocera Umbra sources
We need only to remember that there are innumerable sources, some of whom are used by other municipalities. Among all sources stand out, for historical importance or for exploitation reasons, those that are believed to be the main sources of the Municipality: Angelica, Flaminia and Cacciatore sources that represent the past, present and future of Nocera in terms of water supply.
It is born in Bagni di Nocera and is fur sure the oldest of the three sources in terms of commercial exploitation. Indeed, we just need to remember that healing through drinking the mineral water was known and practised in the Nocera area with this source’s water already in 1500, for then developing with the opening of a thermal centre in the vicinity of the source itself. The high exploitation was so notable to lead this place to be one of the most demanded centres of the time in the central Italy. This success slowly reduced, for then dying away in the period between the late 19th century and the first 20th century.
The reasons of this crisis are linked to the evolution of the tourism-thermal system and especially to the development of a new way to spend the holidays. If, from the tourism point of view Nocera water experienced a serious crisis in that time, the same thing can not be said about the commercial sector of the water that, at the same time, reached its best results because it was exported for some time and was known in Germany, Portugal and even Constantinople. Starting from the late 19th century, thanks to the entrepreneurial skills of Felice Bisleri, a Milanese industrialist, the Nocera water was exported to countries such as North America, Latin America and India. In order to understand its qualities and the therapeutic efficacy recognized at that time by “purganti” (so were called those who went to the spas to get a treatment), we just need to remember what was said by the naturalist Francesco Redi (1628-1698) and repeated in the gravestone affixed over the fountain in front of the Old Door.
Over the centuries many scientific essays have been written concerning the features of this water and all authors agree about its high quality, to the extent that in the 18th century it was taken as sample, both for its physical and chemical features, to assess the quality of other waters. In September 1805 the professors Alessandro Humbolt and Gay Lussac, two famous scholars meant to remain in history, came specifically to Nocera to analyse the water of this source.
In the tourism and thermal sector Nocera represented in the past a very popular location for noblemen and bourgeois, so that several famous people came to Nocera to get a treatment. Among the others we like to remember: Vincenzo Monti, Luigi Pirandello and Giacomo Leopardi. The range of pathologies treated with this water was very broad, among whom we just need to think about the neurasthenia. Nowadays the source lost its ancient glory and the old spa is reduced to the complex of buildings that are being totally renovated.
The Flaminia Source
Born in “Le Case”, it’s currently the most exploited source because its waters are led to the Nocera Scalo plant where are bottled and marketed with the brand “Nocera Umbra Flaminia Source”.
The Cacciatore Source
The Cacciatore Source, also called of Centino, was born in the vicinity of Schiagni and owns particular mineral features that make it suitable for therapeutic uses. Already in the past, thanks to its lightness, it was used to treat specific pathologies. The District of Nocera Umbra aims at exploiting the features of this water by implementing an ambitious project, that is the opening of a spa centre. The therapeutic features of this water have been recognized through highly scientific experiments carried out by different doctors and scholars that are luminaries of the sector.
Laboratory analysis have been followed by practical experiments on patients suffering particular pathologies and on healthy subjects. The conclusion reached after different examinations led to claim that this water plays a role in several factors: it promotes diuresis, increases the urinary excretion of urates, reduces the urinary excretion of calcium, improves the function of liver and of the exocrine pancreas, is an adjuvant in the diabetes’ treatment and doesn’t provoke side effects of any kind.
It must be added that, following these results, the Italian Health Superior Council authorized the use of this water for the following therapies: hepatic and pancreatic functionality, diuresis, calciuria and uricosuria, adjuvant in the treatment of diabetes. Currently, despite the ongoing works to carry on the principal project, it’s possible to access this premise to enjoy the source’s water and some relax.