Isola Maggiore is the second largest island on Lake Trasimeno and it is covered by a dense vegetation of olive trees, holm oaks and cypresses. Unlike Isola Polvese and Isola Minore, today it is still inhabited, with a small village on its western shore.
The settlement dates back to the early Middle Ages, and a community of Friars Minor settled here starting from the end of the 13th century. They hosted St. Francis on the island throughout an entire Lenten season.
The small village consists of one completely paved road overlooked by the houses of the 13th and 14th centuries, including the lovely house of the Captain of the People. At the end of the village is the Church of St. Salvatore, that houses some parts of a polyptych by Sano di Pietro, formerly in the church of the Franciscan monastery.