The new centre was named Schiza by the locals, as they were still influenced by the Greek language.
In the following centuries, Scheggia became part of the territory of Gubbio, the Urbino duchy, and finally of the Papal State, which maintained its jurisdiction over the territory from the 15th century until the Italian unification. In 1878, it formed a single Municipality with Pascelupo.
Scheggia was the hub of the ancient cult of Jupiter Poeninus, who was worshipped in a famous nearby temple of which there is no longer any trace despite many archaeological finds.
The charming town inside Mount Cucco Park has a rich history - there is the 14th-century Civic Tower, the last remaining gate of the ancient castle that is still standing, the church of Sant'Antonio Abate (1665), the Santi Filippo e Giacomo parish (16th century) home to many fine works of art and the church of Mount Clavario (17th c.).