The natural water sources in Umbria
Natural water sources and springs in Umbria: a soil giving life through its precious waters.
Fourteen sources of thermal waters, seventeen sources of mineral waters, seven rivers, six lakes, nine waterfalls, rapids and gorges. These are the numbers in Umbria, a region rich of natural sources that contributed to nourish its green and uncontaminated nature. Beyond the possibility of tasting the excellent mineral waters with different properties, the abundance of natural water will give you the possibility of taking on water sports such as rafting, sup, kitesurf and windsurf in the places dedicated to these activities.
You must be aware that the waters of some Umbrian sources are bottled, other ones boast thermal features encompassing healthy properties, whilst some natural sources are linked to some legends.
Most of mineral water sources with soft features are located in the carbonic aquifers of the Apennine Dorsal, in the districts of Scheggia-Pascelupo, Gualdo Tadino, Nocera Umbra, Foligno, Sellano, Cerreto di Spoleto, Gubbio.
Next to the carbonic massifs of the Martani Mountains, beyond the other soft water sources such as the Amerino, Fabia and Aura Source, we find the sparkling natural as well as the medium-mineral waters in the districts of Massa Martana (San Faustino), San Gemini (Sangemini) and Acquasparta (Grazia, sources of Acquasparta).
The picture of the soft waters is completed by the Tione Source located in the volcanic complexes of the Orvieto district.
Umbria can also boast a heritage of waters recognized usable for thermal purposes. The waters Sangemini, Fabia, Amerino, Sanfaustin and Angelina, beyond being bottled are also usable for hydroponic cures in seasonal thermal buildings open in the summer period. The thermal baths of Fontecchio in Città di Castello and the thermal baths of Terme S. Felice(better known with the name of Franciscan thermal baths) in SpelloSpello represent instead two places where it's possible to carry out breathing therapies, muds and baths. The balneotherapy is also recognized for the water Fontessera of Umbertide, used at the Villa Valentina in Umbertide.
The Ancient Baths of Triponzo, in Cerreto di Spoleto, are now available after beyond 30 years.
It is the unique thermal establishment in Umbria supplied with sulphurous water rich of calcium that, regardless of the season, keeps its temperature constantly at 30 degrees, with considerable features and therapeutic qualities.
Therms are entirely immersed in the Umbrian green wood: 18 sources of sulphurous thermal water, emerald green in colour, flow out in this place.
Other sources of mineral water with thermal purposes, not currently used, are:
- Centino or Hunter Thermal Baths in the district of Nocera Umbra (Perugia);
- Terme di Parrano in the district of Parrano(Terni);
- Fonti di Tiberio in the district of Castel Viscardo (Terni);
- Castello di Ramici in the districts of Alviano (Terni) and Lugnano in Teverina (Terni).
Natural sources and legends:
Bevagna, Aiso sources: we are talking about a source that is over 15 meters deep, but with a surface of just 500 square meters. A legend, known since the 17th century, links the lake to the disappearance of the ungrateful farmer Chiarò who was punished for having worked in the fields on the Saint Anna festival day and had been sunk with all his house.
Sellano, Forfi: it exists a cavern where water, perspiring from the walls, creates small natural pools to which are attributed regenerative powers.
On the Subasio mountain there exist about 88 sources, amongst which the one of Prisons Trench seems to be an indicator of some misfortunes arrival. The source has indeed an intermittent feature, by gushing every twenty/thirty years; each time it started to gush again, negative facts or calamities happened. Simple coincidences?
Clitunno Sources: Plinio the Young talked about these sources using the following words: "Have you ever seen the Clitunno sources? If not yet, and I don't think so, otherwise you would have told me, go and see them. I have seen them recently and I regret I did it too late". They said that Clitunno waters conferred a further candor to the white mantel of the oxen that used to drink and immerse themselves here.