Castello di Scheggino

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Tourist information and welcome office
Via Giovanni da Chiavano 1 - 06043 Cascia
Scheggino is a triangular-shaped hillside village, crowned by a fortress tower.
The presence of a mighty fortification highlights the strategic function of the settlement, on the left shore of the River Nera (281 metres above sea level), and it guards over a required passageway on the ancient street of Valnerina, at the confluence of the mountain itinerary along the Valcasana.
Its most ancient core, called “Capo la terra”, dates back to the 13th century and developed close to the fortress, probably to host the inhabitants of the near feudal castle of Pozzano after its destruction. The expansion of the 14th and 15th century developed around this first circle, slopes down towards the valley and was completed in the 16th century with the creation of the village bordered by the power channel of the mill.

The village’s architectural fabric presents particular buildings such as the Graziani Palace, a manor residence of the 18th century built near the first circle of walls and one of the angular towers, and the Town Hall established in a singular building of the 17th century, characterized by a mansard floor or covered lodge, intended for public use, with the rising right side of a modern civic tower provided with a clock and bells. The municipal historical archive preserves documents of the Scheggino municipality from the 14th century and of the suppressed municipalities of Ceselli, Civitella and Mount St. Vito. At the southern extremity of the Via di Borgo you can find, on the ancient Valnerina road in the direction of Osteria di Ceselli, the 17th century Gate of the Well, so called for the presence of a source.
On the opposite side of the Road you can find the Profili Palace, a typical 18th century palace currently divided into different apartments. The building, recently restored and still housing the main portal, the entrance atrium, the courtyard with Nymphaeum and the stairs for accessing the upper floors, originally included also a garden in the area in front of the building, the greenhouse and the fishpond.
Under a wing of the Profili Palace there is the Valcasana gate of the 16th century that was the starting point of a section of the “Iron Road”, that is the road used to transport materials of the mines and ironworks, that ran from Scheggino to Monteleone di Spoleto through Caso and Gavelli.
The street was upgraded in the 17th century, under the pontificate of Urban 8th, thanks to the good offices of the Cardinal Fausto Poli di Usigni. The area outside the Valcasana Gate is rich with spring waters and water vegetation, so much so that it has been destined as a public park since the early 19th century.