San Giustino

Republic of Cospaia

map thumbnail

Ufficio informazioni accoglienza turistica
Corso Cavour 5 - 06012 Città di Castello
From February 1441 to June 1826, the Republic of Cospaia was a small independent territory.
It is currently a part of the municipality of San Giustino. The small became independent when, in February 1441, Pope Eugene IV gave the territory of Sansepolcro to the Republic of Florence.  A mistake in the designation of the border was made. Because of this mistake a small strip of land it was not included in the Treaty that marked the boundaries and the inhabitants of Cospaia declared not to accept any authority. For years the small communities provident for their own subsistence growing tobacco, called the "tornabuona grass". For irrigation needs it was raised an embankment as dam to create a pond. Just at Cospaia cultivation and trade of illegal tobacco brought a degree of prosperity, but also a small invasion of smugglers, because of  smoke  and snuff tobacco were illegal proclaimed in the States of the Papa