Umbrian cities and villages from A to Z

Traveling through valleys, peaks, woods, rivers and lakes in the Green Heart of Italy, a treasure trove of art cities and small historical centers that continue to surprise.

Let’s discover them together ... in strict alphabetical order!

The castle of Acquasparta has been known since 966, but the heyday dates back to the lordship of the Cesi, under whose domination it became a center of great culture, especially with the foundation of the first scientific school European, the Accademia dei Lincei, in 1603. Visiting the historic center, don't miss Palazzo Cesi: a significant example of Renaissance architecture, it is the home of the prestigious Academy and, in 1624, it hosted Galileo Galilei, too. Find out more about artistic beauties to visit and itineraries to travel around Acquasparta.

Surrounded by woods, Allerona preserves evidence of Roman civilization, whose traces can still be found in the ancient Via Cassia. Its medieval origins are instead proven by the Castle of Lerona, dating back to the 12th century, bulwark of Orvieto destroyed at the end of the fifteenth century by Charles V. Its walls, the door of the Sun and the door of the Moon are still visible. Beyond its churches and historic buildings, Allerona is striking for the richness of its natural heritage, which can be especially admired in the state park of Selva di Meana and in the Park of Villalba.
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Its strategic position was the reason of the first Roman settlements, but also of strong disputes between Todi, Orvieto and Amelia in medieval times. Built by the condottiero Bartolomeo D’Alviano on the ancient fortified castle in 1495, the Rocca is the identifying element of the village. In 1654 it passed to the Doria Pamphili family, whose descendants in 1920 donated the Rocca to the Municipality. On the inside, it preserves the Renaissance courtyard on which the Rondini chapel overlooks; today it houses the town hall and the Museums of the Castle of Alviano. Nearby, the WWF nature oasis is a must to visit: along the natural path that crosses it, you can observe its flora and fauna.
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Even though the first settlements on the acropolis date back to pre-Roman times, the current conformation of the historic center of Amelia is due to the construction of the mighty polygonal walls, starting from the middle of the 3rd century BC. Thanks to its position it has been an important hub for military communication routes. Along the imposing city walls there are 4 access gates to the city. Inside, the Cathedral, the historic buildings, Palazzo Nacci included, the civic tower and the theatre of the eighteenth-century are remarkable. In the archaeological museum it is possible to admire, among the finds, the bronze statue of the Germanicus (nephew of the emperor Tiberius) and just outside the historic center, nestled among the hills, there is the splendid convent of the Santissima Annunziata.

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