Vallo di Nera
Inhabited since the VIII century BCE, this town became part of the Duchy of Spoleto in 1177. In 1532 the condottiero Pietrone da Vallo, who was born in Vallo di Nera, first instigated his co-citizens to rebel against the rule of Spoleto and then, in retaliation and revenge, sacked and destroyed his own hometown. It was then taken over by the Papal States and remained under its rule until the Unification of Italy in 1860, when it became an autonomous comune.
Among the numerous landmarks worth visiting are the Church of Santa Maria, home to lovely frescoes from the XIV-XV centuries done by Umbrian artists from the area of Spoleto and the Marche, including Cola di Pietro, the Church of San Giovanni Battista, a Romanesque building from the XIII century which still has its apse and the remains of walls, and the Church of Santa Caterina.
Outside the walls, in the village of Casali, is the Church of San Rocco, home to a lovely altar embellished with stucco and a painting depicting San Rocco, in Piedipaterno, an old settlement in the valley below, is the parish Church of San Sebastiano, built in 1253, the Chapel of the Madonna delle Grazie, the Church of SS. Pietro e Paolo and the remains of the Abbey of Santa Maria dell'Eremita, along the old Via Nursina.
In the village of Geppa, a small Late Medieval castle, you can visit the Church of Santo Stefano, while in nearby Paterno, an old settlement dating to the High Middle Ages, you can visit the Churches of San Giusto and of San Bernardo. At Meggiano are the Church of San Michele Arcangelo, which dates to the XVII century, and the Church of Santa Maria de Pedemonte.