The ancient village of Bettona
The settlement presents an ellipsoidal urban layout, structured around the main north/ south axis road, and reproduced by the alignment of via S. Caterina – Corso Marconi – via XX Settembre, which follow the crest of the hill for their full length.
Closed in by the Etruscan city wall, then reconstructed in the mediaeval era, the city is structured around the central area formed by the main squares Piazza Cavour, the location of the ancient Forum, and Piazza Garibaldi, which the main civil and religious buildings overlook: the Palazzo del Podestà palace (14th century) now home to the Museo Civico museum, which hosts a rich historical art collection with some works attributed to the painters Perugino, l'Alunno, Tiberio di Assisi and Dono Doni. On the side opposite the Palazzo Comunale city hall, down off of piazza Garibaldi against the city wall, we find the church named after San Crispolto.
On the southern side of Piazza Cavour, we find the church of Santa Maria Maggiore, erected in the 13th century and transformed many times in the seventeenth century, from which many works conserved in the museum originate from; the oratorio di Sant'Andrea, which conserves a remarkable fresco from 1394 with the Passion of Christ.
Even today the centre is characterised by the presence of houses with a small walled vegetable garden, with a tank for rainwater and a well which creates a nice balance of buildings and green areas.
Leaving the northern doorway of the village, you can visit the monastero di Sant'Antonio monastery, the churches of San Gregorio and San Quirico and, in nearby Passaggio di Bettona, the Badia di San Crispolto, a former abbey.
On the opposite slope, in Colle di Bettona, you can visit the Tomba Etrusca, an Etruscan tomb with a barrel vault (2nd-1st century B.C.), with remarkable trousseau objects which nowadays are exhibited at the National Archaeological Museum of Perugia.